How to Crochet the Half Double Crochet for beginners

by | Jun 10, 2023 | Crochet

Crafty Turtle

Crochet is a delightful craft that allows us to create beautiful and functional items using just a hook and some yarn. With numerous stitches to choose from, each with its unique texture and look, the possibilities are endless. One such stitch that every crocheter should have in their repertoire is the half double crochet (hdc). In this blog post, we’ll delve into the world of half double crochet, exploring its characteristics, applications, and tips for perfecting this versatile stitch. (Note: I use U.S. terms in this blog.)

Understanding the Half Double Crochet Stitch:
The half double crochet is a stitch that falls between the height of a single crochet and a double crochet. It’s known for its versatility and is often abbreviated as hdc in crochet patterns. The hdc stitch creates a fabric with a medium density and a bit of height, making it an ideal choice for a variety of projects.

Working the Half Double Crochet Stitch:

I have a video linked below and here to show you how to work these steps.


    1. Begin with a foundation chain. Create a chain of the desired length, adding an extra chain as the turning chain.

    1. Yarn over (YO) by bringing the yarn from behind your hook to the front.

    1. Insert your hook into the desired stitch (typically the third chain from the hook in the foundation chain).

    1. YO again and pull the yarn through the stitch, resulting in three loops on your hook.

    1. YO once more and draw the yarn through all three loops on the hook.

    1. Repeat steps 2-5 in each stitch across the row.

    1. When you reach the end of the row, turn your work, chain one or two (does not count as a stitch), and start the next row in the second stitch from the hook.

    1. Repeat steps 2-7 for subsequent rows.

Applications of the Half Double Crochet Stitch:

The hdc stitch offers a wide range of applications in crochet projects. Here are a few examples:


    1. Scarves and Shawls: The hdc stitch creates a lovely fabric with a bit of drape, making it perfect for scarves and shawls. You can experiment with different yarn weights and colors to achieve unique designs.

    1. Blankets and Afghans: The hdc stitch allows you to create cozy and warm blankets and afghans more quickly than single crochet or double crochet stitches. Its medium density strikes a balance between warmth and breathability.

    1. Clothing: The hdc stitch is ideal for garments such as sweaters, cardigans, and tops. It provides a more open fabric compared to single crochet, making it comfortable to wear.

Tips for Mastering the Half Double Crochet Stitch:


    1. Maintain Consistent Tension: Ensure that your tension remains consistent throughout your project to create an even and uniform fabric.

    1. Practice Stitch Height: Pay attention to the height of your stitches, as hdc stitches tend to be taller than single crochet stitches but shorter than double crochet stitches.

    1. Count Stitches: Counting your stitches at the end of each row can help you avoid any missed or added stitches, ensuring the integrity of your project.

    1. Experiment with Yarn and Hook Sizes: Varying the yarn weight and hook size will create different effects with the hdc stitch. Experimentation is key to discovering unique textures and designs.

The half double crochet stitch is a versatile and valuable addition to any crocheter’s repertoire. With its medium density and distinct texture, it opens up a world of creative possibilities. Whether you’re working on scarves, blankets, clothing, or amigurumi, the hdc stitch will help you bring your ideas to life. So grab your hook, select your favorite yarn, and start exploring the endless potential of the half double crochet stitch!

The link to my slow, deliberate and easy-to-follow tutorial on how to create the Half Double Crochet stitch can be found here. (Bonus: includes comparison photo to other basic stiches such as slip stitch (ss), single crochet (sc), double crochet (dc) and treble crochet (tr).)

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