How to Crochet a granny square for beginners

by | Jul 14, 2023 | Crochet

Crafty Turtle

Mastering the Art of Crocheting Granny Squares: A Versatile and Creative Journey

Crocheting is a timeless craft that allows us to create beautiful and intricate pieces. Among the many techniques in crochet, one that stands out is the beloved granny square. This classic motif is not only versatile but also offers endless creative possibilities. In this blog, I will delve into the process of crocheting a granny square, explore its various uses, and the wide array of crochet projects you can embark upon using this technique. Additionally, we’ll delve into the captivating world of color changes, which can breathe life into your granny square creations.

For this project you will need to know how to crochet the double crochet (DC) which you can find a video tutorial here at time stamp 07:06. You also need to know how to Slip Stitch (sl st) which you can find a video on how to do this here at time stamp 00:16

Part 1: Crocheting a Granny Square

1. Gather Your Materials:

To get started with crocheting a granny square, you’ll need a crochet hook, yarn in your desired colors, a pair of scissors and darning needle. Ensure that your crochet hook matches the recommended size for your chosen yarn weight. For more information on the basic tools recommended to start crocheting please see here.

Abbreviations used are:

Double Crochet (DC)

Slip Stitch (sl st)

Chain (ch)

Cluster (cl) = 3 DC

2. Foundation Chain or Magic Ring/Circle:

Begin by making a slip knot and creating a foundation chain of four stitches. Join the last chain to the first with a slip stitch, forming a ring. I do have a more detailed instructional video on how to create the foundation chain that you can find here at time stamp 00:50.

Alternatively, you can go ahead and make a magic ring or magic circle. Instructions on how to do that can be found here.

3. Round 1:

Chain three (this counts as your first double crochet stitch). Work two more double crochet stitches into the center of the ring. Chain two to create the corner space, followed by three more double crochet stitches into the ring. Repeat this pattern two more times, creating a total of four clusters of three double crochet stitches separated by chain-two spaces. Join with a slip stitch in the top of the starting chain. sl st into the next chain 2 space.

4. Round 2:

In this round, begin by chaining three (counts as your first double crochet stitch), then work two double crochet stitches into the corner space (the chain 2 from the previous round). Chain two to create the corner space, and work three more double crochet stitches into the same corner space. Chain one. Then work three double crochet stitches into the next chain-two space. Chain one. Repeat this 2 more times. Join with a slip stitch in the next chain 2 space. (4 corners of 3 DC, Ch 2, 3 DC with 4 chains between corners.)

5. Round 3:

Begin by chaining three, work 2 DC, chain 2, cl for your first corner. Chain 1. Cl in ch 1 space. Chain 1. (cl, ch 2, cl in ch 2 space (2nd corner). Chain 1. cl in ch 1 space. Chain 1.) Repeat this around 2 more times. Sl St into next ch 1 space.

6. Repeat Round 3:

Continue repeating Round 3, increasing the number of clusters into chain 1 spaces with each round. As you progress, your granny square will begin to take shape, growing larger in size. You can choose to stop at your desired size or continue adding rounds for a larger square. Each chain 1 space will have a chain 1, cluster and then chain 1. Each corner will have a cluster, ch 2, cluster.

Part 2: The Versatility of Granny Squares

1. Granny Square Blankets and Afghans:

Granny squares are frequently used to create cozy blankets and afghans. By crocheting multiple squares and joining them together, you can design unique and visually appealing patterns. Experiment with different color combinations, arrangements, and joining techniques to personalize your creations.

2. Garments and Accessories:

Granny squares are not limited to blankets alone. They can be transformed into stunning garments such as sweaters, vests, cardigans, and shawls. Create eye-catching accessories like hats, scarves, bags, and even footwear using this versatile technique. The possibilities are endless, allowing you to showcase your style and creativity.

3. Home Decor:

Enhance the beauty of your home with granny square home decor items. Cushion covers, table runners, coasters, and wall hangings can all be adorned with these charming motifs. Mix and match colors that complement your interior design, and create pieces that add a touch of handmade elegance to your space.

Part 3: Exploring Color Changes

1. Solid Granny Squares:

While traditional granny squares are often made with a medley of colors, solid-colored squares can also be visually striking. Opt for a single color and experiment with different yarn textures or shades to add depth and interest to your squares.

2. Ombre and Gradient Effects:

For a captivating visual effect, consider working with yarns that transition smoothly from one color to another. Start with a light shade and gradually transition to a darker or contrasting color, creating an ombre or gradient effect within each square.

3. Colorful Contrasts and Patterns:

Embrace your creativity by introducing multiple colors within a single granny square. Play with contrasting hues, create geometric patterns, or highlight specific sections with vibrant color changes. The freedom to experiment with color adds excitement and personalization to your projects.


Mastering the art of crocheting granny squares opens up a world of creative possibilities. From blankets and garments to home decor and accessories, these versatile motifs can be used in countless projects. By exploring color changes, you can elevate your granny square creations, infusing them with unique charm and style. So grab your crochet hook, choose your favorite yarns, and embark on a journey of endless creativity with granny squares.

Here’s a short video of some squares I’ve made that I’ll seam together into a blanket.

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